A little Bruja and Brujeria, as well as a Frida Khalo Obsession
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    Everything you’ve ever wanted to know about Selena Quintanilla

    Everything you’ve ever wanted to know about Selena Quintanilla

    Selena Quintanilla Perez was born in Lake Jackson, Texas on the 16th of April, 1971. The names of her father and mother are Abraham Jr. and Marcella Quintanilla respectively. In the 1950s and 1960s, her father created a band which played a mixture of every rock and roll songs and traditional Mexican music. The music style is called Tejano music, and it later became viral throughout Mexico and the southwest United States. Eventually, her father retired from his music career to start a family.


    Early life of Selena
    Selena was the youngest child with two siblings. Her elementary school was in Lake Jackson which is a small town located about fifty-five miles south of Houston, Texas. She showed her talent to her father for the first time when she was six years old. He was teaching Abraham III, her elder brother how to play the guitar when Selena started singing. Afterwards, the children created a family band, and they rehearsed almost everyday.
    Selena was regarded as QUEEN OF TEJANO and was often called the MEXICAN MADONNA because of her dance moves and sexy outfits. At age 10, she began leading in her family band called Selena Y Los Dinos. The musical group began performing at clubs and wedding in their native home in Texas. The band comprises her brother, Abraham who as the bass guitarist and her sister who was playing the drums.


    The group was produced and managed by their father. She grew up speaking English, but her father later taught her to speak and sing in Spanish so she could flow with the Latino community. At first, she learned the lyrics phonetically and finally learned how to speak Spanish fluently.

    Her Life and Achievement as a Professional Singer
    Selena became famous and was loved by the Tejano music fans, and she won both the Performer of the year and the Best Female Vocalist of the year awards in 1987. Ven Conmigo was the first Tejano album she released in 1990 and the record achieved gold record status, that is, it sold over 500,000 copies. In 1992, despite her hectic schedule, she took a break to marry Chirs Perez, her band’s lead guitarist.


    Selena joined EMI records in 1989, and suddenly, she also had a significant record company supporting her. Jose Behar, the CEO of the company’s new Latin music division saw in her a talent which could impact more lives other than her Tejano fans. In 1991, she sang a song with Alvaro Torres named Buenos Amigos which later became a hit.
    The song became the number one on Billboard’s Latin chart and later introduced her to new audiences throughout the U.S. Selena continued to grow in fame when she released her next hit song Donde Quiero Que Estes.


    Many good things happened to Selena’s personal and musical life in the early 1990s. That was the period she married Chris, and together they both shared in the success and growing popularity of Selena especially in Mexico.


    Her father wrote many international sounding songs for her. However, these songs were not really famous in Mexico, but they also started gaining the hearts of people in the United States and Central and South America making the size of the audience in her shows to increase. In February 1994, over 60,000 people went to see her perform in Houston. In March 1994, she released an album Selena Live which won a Grammy Award as the best Mexican American album.


    As Selena’s fame increases, her record sales also increase. In July 1994, she released a new album Amor Prohibido which sold over one million copies. The album was the top-selling Latin album and was also named the Tejano Music Award’s album that year. Her recordings began to make good sales after she won the Grammy Awards for her live album in 1993. She and her band did a lot of tour dates in California, New York, Puerto Rico and Argentina.


    Selena’s Tragic Death
    After she did her live release, she decided to work on an English Language album which she hoped would get her on top of the U.S pop music charts. Unfortunately, she didn’t live to see the success of the album. On the 31st of March 1995, Selena died in Corpus Christi, Texas when she was shot by Yolanda Saldivar, the founder of the Selena fan club. Saldivar was the manager of Selena’s boutique in San Antonio and was going to be fired for embezzling money. Selena death was like a shock wave which struck the hearts of the Latino community and her fans all over the world.


    After her death, Selena first English-Language album called Dreaming of You was released, and it became a massive hit. Also, her life story was used to act a movie called Selena in the year 1997 with Jenifa Lopez featuring as the Tejano superstar and Edward James Olmos featuring as her father.


    The persona and popularity of Selena music lived on even after her death. Even the reality star, Kim Kardashian dressed up as the Selena as a sign of respect for her in the 2017 Halloween and although this act made a lot of Selena’s fans angry.

    Surprising Facts about Selena you probably didn’t know about
    Selena made a massive impact on the popularity of Tejano music and also brought it a broader audience outside the Tejano community. She influenced artists such as Kat DeLuna, Becky G, and Jennifer Lopez.

    Selena was celebrated on Selena Day
    Not long after Selena’s death, Gorge W. Bush (he was the Governor of Texas then), named April 16, which was her birthday as Selena Day. The commemoration is done every year to celebrate her anniversary and memory.

    Selena is usually compared to Madonna
    Selena is generally called the Mexican American version of Madonna because of her clothing style, and stage presence which is a reminder of Madonna, particularly in her early years.

    Her Life Story was made into a movie
    The life story was acted in the movie Selena in 1997 with Jennifer Lopez as the heroine and James Edward as her father.

    She wanted to become a Fashion Designer
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    She loved fashion and often seen talking about becoming a fashion designer. She was known for her unusual look and eccentric style.

    She married her first love
    In 1992, Selena married her first boyfriend secretly in the year 1992.

    Her Final Album became the fastest selling by a female singer in Pop History
    Her last album Dreaming of You was the fastest selling album released by a female in pop history. In the first week, her album sold over 400,000 copies and went on top of the charts.

    Some inspiring Quotes by Selena
    "You have to take what you could get when you're getting started."

    "We went through a hard time, and we had to turn to music as a means to putting food on the table. And we've been doing it ever since.

    "If you have a dream, don't let anybody take it away

    "The reason I'm really appreciative of everything that's going on around me is because I never expected it, and I want to keep that attitude."

    "You shouldn't care for somebody just because of the materialistic things that they have, and I'm a firm believer in that.

    What is the meaning of bruja in 2018?

    What is the meaning of bruja in 2018?

    Noun / bru·ja / ˈbrüˌhä
    Meaning: Witch/ Witchcraft
    Slang: A straight up Bitch

    The term “bruja” needs to be decolonized and given back its power. It is a term of respect, empowerment and fierce feminism. We cannot forget what a radical thing it was for our abuelitas to serve their communities at the same time that their communities and their brown, feminine bodies were under attack.

    So what's the meaning of bruja? Ostensibly, all women in colonial mexico and latin america, like their counterparts throughout christianity were suspected of being witches on the basis of gender, but women of colonized groups were suspect on multiple grounds. Indian women, african-origin women, and racially mixed women - whether indo-mestiza or afro-mestiza - were suspect by virtue of being female, by virture of deriving from non-christian, or "diabolic" religions and cultures, and by virtue of being colonized or enslaved people who might rebel and use their alleged magical power at any moment.

    la Bruja"—a female practitioner of spiritual, sexual, and healing knowledges—in our contemporary cultural imaginary grounded in a legacy of the otherization of women healers in Europe and las Américas. Brujas" are feared for their knowledge and power and hence subjected to oppressive treatment. I argue for the a bruja positionality within Chicana/Latina studies that includes developing our own bruja-like epistemologies. As a practice of what Gloria Anzaldúa might call "spiritual activism," a bruja positionality is built on healing the internalized beliefs that demonize la Bruja and the transgressive spirituality and sexuality that she represents.

    In many Latin American cultures, words began to develop and shift into different meanings. The slang for a Bruja began in Mexico and carried its way down the rest of the chain of Spanish-speaking countries as a derogatory term for a woman--the witch is essentially a bitch in contemporary Spanish linguistics.

    When using the word as a feminine noun, it describes a woman looking un-kept or appearing to be unpleasant, hag-ish and is more often used to refer to an older woman. Hispanic women themselves use the word to put themselves down, to describe a bad hair day, one would say:

    "Yo parece como una bruja con este pajon de pello"

    "I look like a witch with all this poofy hair."

    or to say "se ve guapa / chula junta a mi que parece como una bruja."

    "I look terrible in comparison to another female companion, archnemesis etc."

    However, La Bruja represents power and mystics. Despite the unpleasantries she is faced with (it's hard out there for a witch when your career is based on the hardships), I still want to Maleficent the word--cast Angelina Jolie and put everyone on board that being a Bruja is not a bad thing!

    Reflecting back on the torture that women of the 17th century endured because of this word, we see the duality of female persecution and survival within the Caribbean community. Taking back this remark on women, La Bruja, as a woman is neither good nor bad, has inexplicably survived in-spite of overwhelming persecution and her toughness is what conveys her beauty.

    5 of the Best Places to See Frida Kahlo Art

    5 of the Best Places to See Frida Kahlo Art

    20th century Mexican artist Frida Kahlo is known for her fantastical paintings and self-portraits that portray elements of Mexican folk culture. As a female painter in a male-dominated era, region, and industry, Kahlo’s paintings possess feminist themes of sexual and emotional exploration, and an entirely unique aesthetic. Her work was often overshadowed by that of her husband, Diego Rivera, but she gained increased levels of recognition after her death in 1954, and remains one of the most celebrated Mexican women painters. Here, we explore some of the best places to see Frida Kahlo’s legendary paintings.

     

    Frida Kahlo Museum

    The best place to attempt an understanding of Frida Kahlo’s complex life is the Frida Kahlo Museum in Mexico City. The museum is located in La Casa Azul (the Blue House), which was Kahlo’s childhood home and residence for the majority of her life. The artworks displayed in La Casa Azul are mostly Kahlo’s lesser-known pieces, many of which she produced later in her life at a time when her Communist leanings were at their strongest. Apart from Kahlo’s artwork, the museum also contains paintings by her iconic husband, as well as objects and letters that belonged to Kahlo.

    London 247, Del Carmen Coyoacan, Mexico City, Mexico +52 5554 5999

     

    Museo Dolores Olmedo

    Located in Frida Kahlo’s hometown of Mexico City, the Museum Dolores Olmedo was founded by Mexican businesswoman Dolores Olmedo, who donated her personal collection. The museum’s collection follows a distinctly Mexican theme, complete with works by Mexican artists from various regions and eras, from pre-colonial indigenous artists to contemporary works. Olmedo has 25 of Kahlo’s paintings, as well as some of her sketches and drawings.

    Av. Mexico 5843, La Noria, Xochimilco, CP. 16030, Mexico City, Mexico +52 5555 0891

     

    Museo de Arte Moderno

    Museo de Arte Moderno features Arte Mexicano del Siglo XX (Mexican art of the 20th century), with over 300 paintings in their collection. Amongst their collection of Frida Kahlo’s works is The Two Fridas, one of the artist’s most famous paintings. Depicting Frida Kahlo in European and indigenous Mexican clothing, respectively, The Two Fridas is a powerful work that symbolizes her uncertain identity – culturally, and otherwise.

    Av. Paseo de la Reforma S/N, Miguel Hidalgo, Bosque de Chapultepec, Mexico City, Mexico +52 55 5553 6233

     

    MoMA, New York City

    New York’s Museum of Modern Art, which houses an impressive collection of famous modern and contemporary works, has three of Kahlo’s self portraits. Among them, Fulang-Chang and I depicts Kahlo and her pet monkey Fulang-Chang, whom she loved like a child, as she was unable to have children due to a brutal accident that left her with health problems her whole life. This painting was given by Kahlo to her close friend Mary Sklar, which is why she attached a mirror to it so Mary could be in the frame next to hers.

    11 West 53 Street, New York, NY, USA +1 212 708 9400

     

    National Museum of Women in the Arts

    The National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington DC holds Kahlo’s Self Portrait Dedicated to Leon Trotsky. Kahlo painted this portrait during or shortly after her brief affair with Russian communist leader Leon Trotsky. Kahlo was an outspoken Communist who fought for Mexico to adopt this political stance, as she believed that it could bring on a return of the country’s folk culture. Kahlo is prominent as a woman artist in her own right, and is one of the few Mexican artists to be featured in the NMWA.

     

    THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO FRIDA KAHLO

    THE MOST COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO FRIDA KAHLO

    Frida Kahlo was deeply influenced by indigenous Mexican culture, which is apparent in her use of bright colors and dramatic symbolism. She frequently included the symbolic monkey. In Mexican mythology, monkeys are symbols of lust, yet Kahlo portrayed them as tender and protective symbols.

    1. WHO IS FRIDA AND DIEGO?
    Frida Kahlo first met Diego Rivera when she was an art student hoping to get advice on her career from the famous Mexican muralist. Although Rivera was married, a courtship ensued. They wed in 1929 (he was 42, she was 22) much to the disapproval of Frida's parents, who referred to the couple as "the elephant and the dove." With volatile tempers and countless infidelities, the marriage was notoriously tumultuous. The couple divorced in 1939 only to remarry a year later, though the second marriage was just as turbulent as the first. Both have long been recognized as important painters who achieved great international popularity during their lifetimes.

    2. WHEN DID FRIDA MARRY DIEGO?
    Frida Married Diego on - December 8, 1940 (Diego Rivera) /  And again in - August 21, 1929 (Diego Rivera) - Frida Kahlo first met Diego Rivera when she was an art student hoping to get advice on her career from the famous Mexican muralist. Although Rivera was married, a courtship ensued. They wed in 1929 (he was 42, she was 22) much to the disapproval of Frida's parents, who referred to the couple as "the elephant and the dove." With volatile tempers and countless infidelities, the marriage was notoriously tumultuous. The couple divorced in 1939 only to remarry a year later, though the second marriage was just as turbulent as the first. Both have long been recognized as important painters who achieved great international popularity during their lifetimes.

    3. WHEN DID FRIDA GET POLIO?
    Mexican artist Frida Kahlo (1907-1954) - At the age of six, Frida Kahlo was stricken with polio. It affected her right leg. She spent nine months in bed.

    4. HOW OLD WAS FRIDA KAHLO WHEN SHE DIED?
    She was 
    47 (1907–1954)

    5. WHAT FRIDA KAHLO BISEXUAL?

    Frida and Her Love for Women. During her marriage to Diego Rivera, Frida Kahlo had several extramarital affairs with both men and women. Frida was openly bisexual and would occasionally dress in men's clothing. ... Frida also had a secret affair with Trotsky.Jul 6, 2016


    6. WHO WAS FRIDA KAHLO MARRIED TO?

    Diego Rivera - 1940–1954

    Diego Rivera - 1929–1939 -Frida Kahlo/Spouse



    7. WHAT DID FRIDA KAHLO DIE FROM? - Frida Kahlo died of a 
    Pulmonary embolism

    8. HOW OLD WAS FRIDA WHEN SHE MARRIED DIEGO?

    Although she was eighteen and he twice her age, neither of them “felt the least bit awkward.” Four years later, on August 21, 1929, they were married in a civil ceremony by the Mayor of Coyoacán, one of Mexico City's sixteen boroughs, who proclaimed the merger “an historical event.” Kahlo was 22 and Rivera 42.May 22, 2014


    9. WAS FRIDA KAHLO A SURREALIST?

    The Mexican Surrealist Artist. Born July 6th 1907 – Died July 13th 1954. Frida Kahlo was a Mexican Surrealist painter who has achieved international popularity. She typically painted self-portraits using vibrant colours in a style that was influenced by cultures of Mexico as well as influences from European Surrealism.


    10. WHAT KIND OF ART DID FRIDA KAHLO PAINT?

    Surrealism

    Cubism

    Modern art

    Symbolism

    Magical Realism

     

    11. How many kids did Diego Rivera have? - Diego Rivera had 4 kids.

    12. How many paintings did Frida Kahlo paint in her lifetime?

    Life experience is a common theme in Kahlo's approximately 200 paintings, sketches and drawings. Her physical and emotional pain are depicted starkly on canvases, as is her turbulent relationship with her husband, fellow artist Diego Rivera, who she married twice. Of her 143 paintings, 55 are self-portraits.

    13. WHY IS FRIDA CONSIDERED A HERO?

    Frida Kahlo fits my definition of a hero because she has made an impact on Mexican art. She has influenced others to follow their love of art.
     

    14. WHAT WAS THE AGE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN FRIDA AND DIEGO?

    Although her mother objected to Frida dating Diego mostly because of their age differences (he was exactly 20 years older) and their awkward appearance together (she was 5' 3" tall and weighed only 100 lbs, he was 6 FEET and weighed nearly 300 lbs), they were married in a traditional Catholic civil ceremony in 1929.

     

    15. WHO WHERE FRIDA'S PARENTS?

    Father - Guillermo Kahlo

    Mother - Matilde Calderón y Gonzalez

     

    16. How many sisters did Frida have? - Frida had 5 sisters.

    Cristina Kahlo

    Maria Luisa Kahlo Cardena

    Adriana Kahlo Calderón

    Margarita Kahlo Cardena

    Matilde Kahlo Calderón

     
    Art and Self-Portraits

    While she never considered herself a Surrealist, Kahlo befriended one of the primary figures in that artistic and literary movement, Andre Breton, in 1938. That same year, she had a major exhibition at a New York City gallery, selling about half of the 25 paintings shown there. Kahlo also received two commissions, including one from famed magazine editor Clare Boothe Luce, as a result of the show.

    Kahlo was asked to paint a portrait of Luce and Kahlo's mutual friend, actress Dorothy Hale, who had committed suicide earlier that year by jumping from a high-rise building. The painting was intended as a gift for Hale's grieving mother. Rather than a traditional portrait, however, Kahlo painted the story of Hale's tragic leap. While the work, The Suicide of Dorothy Hale (1939), has been heralded by critics, its patron was horrified at the finished painting.

    In 1939, Kahlo went to live in Paris for a time. There she exhibited some of her paintings and developed friendships such artists as Marcel Duchamp and Pablo Picasso. She divorced Rivera later that year. During this time, she painted one of her most famous works, The Two Fridas (1939). The paintings shows two versions of the artist sitting side by side, with both of their hearts exposed. One Frida is dressed nearly all in white and has a damaged heart and spots of blood on her clothing. The other wears bold colored clothing and has an intact heart. These figures are believed to represent “unloved” and “loved” versions of Kahlo.

    Oddly, Kahlo and Rivera did not stay divorced for long. They remarried in 1940, and yet the couple continued to lead largely separate lives. And both became involved with other people over the years.

    Kahlo received a commission from the Mexican government for five portraits of important Mexican women in 1941, but she was unable to finish the project. She lost her beloved father that year and continued to suffer from chronic health problems. Despite her personal challenges, her work continued to grow in popularity and was included in numerous group shows around this time.

    In 1944, Kahlo painted The Broken Column, which depicted a nearly nude Frida split down the middle revealing her spine as a shattered decorative column. She also wears a surgical brace and her skin is studded with tacks or nails. Again, Kahlo shared her physical challenges through her art. Around this time, she had several surgeries and wore special corsets to try to fix her back. She would continue to seek a variety of treatments for her chronic physical pain with little success.

    Deteriorating Health and Death
    Her health issues became nearly all-consuming in 1950. After being diagnosed with gangrene in her right foot, Kahlo spent nine months in the hospital and had several operations during this time. She continued to paint and support political causes despite having limited mobility. In 1953, Kahlo received her first solo exhibition in Mexico. She may have been bedridden at the time, but she did not miss out on the exhibition’s opening. Arriving by ambulance, Kahlo spent the evening talking and celebrating with the event’s attendees from the comfort of a four-poster bed set up in the gallery just for her. Kahlo’s joy was dampened a few months later when part of her right leg was amputated to stop the spread of gangrene.

    Deeply depressed, Kahlo was hospitalized again in April 1954 because of poor health, or, as some reports indicated, a suicide attempt. She returned to the hospital two months later with bronchial pneumonia. No matter her physical condition, Kahlo did not let that stand in the way of her political activism. Her final public appearance was a demonstration against the U.S.-backed overthrow of President Jacobo Arbenz of Guatemala on July 2. About a week after her 47th birthday, Kahlo died on July 13 at her beloved Blue House. There has been some speculation regarding the nature of her death. It was reported to be caused by a pulmonary embolism, but there have also been stories about a possible suicide.

    Artistic Legacy
    Since her death, Kahlo’s fame as an artist has only grown. Her beloved Blue House was opened as a museum in 1958. The feminist movement of the 1970s led to renewed interest in her life and work, as Kahlo was viewed by many as an icon of female creativity. In 1983, Hayden Herrera’s book on the artist, A Biography of Frida Kahlo, also helped to stir up interest this great artist. More recently, her life was the subject of a 2002 film entitled Frida, starring Salma Hayek as the artist and Alfred Molina as Diego Rivera. Directed by Julie Taymor, the film was nominated for six Academy Awards and won for Best Makeup and Original Score.

    Tumultuous Marriage

    Kahlo reconnected with Rivera in 1928. He encouraged her artwork, and the two began a relationship. The couple married the next year. During their early years together, Kahlo often followed Rivera based on where the commissions that Rivera received were. In 1930, they lived in San Francisco, California, where Kahlo showed her painting Frieda and Diego Rivera at the Sixth Annual Exhibition of the San Francisco Society of Women Artists. They then went to New York City for Rivera’s show at the Museum of Modern Art and later moved to Detroit for Rivera’s commission with the Detroit Institute of Arts.

    In 1932, Kahlo incorporated more graphic and surrealistic elements in her work. In her painting, Henry Ford Hospital (1932), a naked Kahlo appears on a hospital bed with several items -- a fetus, a snail, a flower, a pelvis and others -- floating around her connected to her by red, veinlike strings. As with her earlier self-portraits, the work was deeply personal, telling the story of her second miscarriage.

    Kahlo and Rivera’s time in New York City in 1933 was surrounded by controversy. Commissioned by Nelson Rockefeller, Rivera created a mural entitled Man at the Crossroads in the RCA Building at Rockefeller Center. Rockefeller halted the work on the project after Rivera included a portrait of communist leader Vladimir Lenin in the mural, which was later painted over. Months after this incident, the couple returned to Mexico and went to live in San Angel, Mexico.

    Never a traditional union, Kahlo and Rivera kept separate, but adjoining homes and studios in San Angel. She was saddened by his many infidelities, including an affair with her sister Cristina. In response to this familial betrayal, Kahlo cut off most of her trademark long dark hair. Desperately wanting to have a child, she again experienced heartbreak when she miscarried in 1934.

    She and Rivera went through periods of separation, but they joined together to help exiled Soviet communist Leon Trotsky and his wife Natalia in 1937. The Trotskys came to stay with them at the Blue House for a time in 1937 as Trotsky had received asylum in Mexico. Once a rival of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, Trotsky feared that he would be assassinated by his old nemesis. Kahlo and Trotsky reportedly had a brief affair during this time.



    10 OF THE MOST FAMOUS PAINTINGS BY FRIDA KAHLO

    10 OF THE MOST FAMOUS PAINTINGS BY FRIDA KAHLO

    Frida Kahlo is known worldwide as one of the most revolutionary Latin American artists. When she was seventeen, Kahlo was involved in a near fatal bus accident. Due to the grave injuries she suffered in the accident, she had to undergo 35 operations in her life, bear with relapses of extreme pain and could not have children. Kahlo is famous for her self-portraits which often incorporate symbolic portrayals of physical and psychological wounds. Here are 10 of her most famous paintings.


    #10 My Grandparents, My Parents, and I (Family Tree)
    Family Tree was created when Hitler and Nazi Germany were on the rise. Through this artwork Kahlo proudly represents her mixed heritage at a time when Hitler outlawed interracial marriages. Frida stands in the middle with her Mexican mother and German born, supposedly Jewish, father behind her. She has also depicted herself in her mother’s womb. Her maternal grandparents are on the left above the mountainous Mexican landscape while she painted her paternal grandparents above the ocean, indicating their European origins.

    #9 Self Portrait with Cropped Hair: 1940
    Frida Kahlo had a turbulent relationship with another famous Mexican artist Diego Rivera, whom she divorced and married again. About a month after her divorce from Rivera, Kahlo cut off her long hair that her ex-husband loved so much and this self-portrait was created around that time. In it Kahlo is dressed in a man’s attire, holding scissors and sitting on a chair surrounded by the hair she has cut. Whether the portrait depicts her despair or is a declaration of independence is debated. At the top of the painting are lyrics from a Mexican song that say: “Look, if I loved you it was because of your hair. Now that you are without hair, I don’t love you anymore.”




    #8 The Suicide of Dorothy Hale - Year: 1938
    Dorothy Hale was an American actress who’s failing career, death of her husband and several failed subsequent relationships and financial debt forced her to commit suicide by jumping off a high New York building. Hale’s friend Clare Luce asked Kahlo to create a painting in her memory. Kahlo went on to create this painting which offended Luce so much that she contemplated destroying it. The painting, which is a step by step graphic narrative of the suicide of Dorothy Hale, is one of Kahlo’s most controversial and famous works.


    #7 Roots-Year: 1943
    In this painting Frida can be seen lying on earth with her elbow supporting her head. Her torso is open and she has given birth to a vine. However there is eminent danger as a deep crack is opening next to her. Like many of Kahlo’s works, the painting is well known for its symbolism. In May 2006, Roots sold for US$5.6 million dollars setting an auction record for a Latin American piece of art.


    #6 Without Hope - Year: 1945
    In 1945, Kahlo suffered from a lack of appetite due to the numerous surgeries she had to undergo and because she was ill often. As she had become malnourished, the doctor prescribed her complete bed rest and a forced diet of pureed food every two hours. Through this painting Kahlo portrays what she went through when she was forced fed. In it she shows a wooden structure which holds a funnel to continuously feed her. On the back of the painting Kahlo wrote, “Not the least hope remains for me….everything moves in step with what’s in the belly.”


    #5 A Few Small Nips (Passionately in Love) - Year: 1935
    A Few Small Nips reflects Kahlo’s troubled state of mind on learning that her husband Rivera was having an affair with her sister Cristina. Kahlo draws a parallel between herself and another unfortunate woman about whom she learned in a newspaper. The woman, who was unfaithful, was murdered in an act of jealousy. The painting takes its title from what the murderer said to the judge to defend his action: “But it was just a few small nips!” The ribbon held by two doves bears the title of the painting.


    #4 The Wounded Deer - Year: 1946
    In The Wounded Deer Kahlo’s head is placed on a stag which is bleeding as it has been pierced by multiple arrows. Kahlo used her own pet deer “Granizo” as a model for this painting. As many of Kahlo’s works, multiple interpretations can be deduced from the painting. Perhaps the deer, which is an ancient Aztec symbol for the right foot, refers to Kahlo’s right foot which had been crushed in the accident. At this point in her career, eastern influences could be seen in her works and she has written “Carma” on the lower left corner of this painting.


    #3 The Broken Column - Year: 1944
    Kahlo’s works depict the trauma she had to go through in her life due to the injuries she suffered in the accident and this work is the most conspicuous portrayal of her suffering. In this masterpiece Kahlo’s body is opened up and a crumbling stone column replaces the spine of Kahlo, symbolizing the consequences of the accident. Nails are stuck into her face and body and tears can be seen on her face but she looks straight at the viewer. The Broken Column is the most straightforward and ruthless depiction of the agony she faced through her life.

    #2 Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird - Year: 1940
    Frida Kahlo is known for symbolically portraying her physical and psychological wounds through her self-portraits and this painting is a prime example of that. In it Kahlo is wearing a thorn necklace and blood can be seen tricking from the wounds made on her neck by the thorns. A black monkey and a black cat are present on left and right side of her. Hummingbird, a symbol of freedom, is hanging lifelessly from the thorn necklace. Self-Portrait with Thorn Necklace and Hummingbird is perhaps Kahlo’s most critically acclaimed masterpiece.


    #1 The Two Fridas - Year: 1939
    The Two Fridas was created around the time of Kahlo’s divorce to Diego Rivera and it is believed it portrays her loss. It is a double self-portrait. Frida on the left is wearing a white European style dress with her heart torn and bleeding while Frida on the right is wearing a traditional Mexican dress with her heart still whole. Kahlo remarried Rivera a year later and although their second marriage was as troubled as the first, it lasted till her death. The painting is the largest work of Kahlo and also her most famous.